I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Ethnic Conflicts and Solutions for Them. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Among the main goals of his article, .Alexander Downes assumes that “ending such wars with a partition or military victory may be more stable than agreements to share or diffuse power within the confines of a single state” (Downes, 2004, p. 252). On another hand, James Fearon (2004) wrote his “Separatist Wars, Partition, and World Order” article in order to clarify the opposite view on the partition. In this work, he states that partition ad hoc is the worst solution contemporary international system based on states can allow happening. In his own words, “ad hoc partition applied to one trouble spot may help more violent separatist nationalist movements elsewhere, in addition to making existing nationalist wars more difficult to resolve” (Fearon, 2004, p. 397). In short, it is evident that the two articles provide completely different solutions for the ethnic war to be the best one. Notwithstanding this, they have not only opposite traits. if fact, by seeking a way to turn ethnic conflicts into dormant ones, they simply deal with different aspects of the analyzed problem and augment each other’s statements.
On the one hand, articles share the same methodological goal of the analysis. In this context, both authors pay specific attention to cases of Bosnia and Kosovo as illustrative examples of how the ethnic war destroyed not only the houses and lives but also further destinies of the survived people. As the core purpose of Downes’ (2004) analysis, the record of these and other resolved ethnic conflicts that had turned violent is the reason for current academic concernment. In particular, he highlights the problem of uncertainty in the negotiations between rebel groups and state representatives. In his own words, “both the government and the rebellious group(s) are uncertain as to how political institutions will work, and distrust that their recent adversary will sincerely abide by the rules of the game” (Downes, 2004, p. 233). In other words, he investigates hot and bloody levels of ethnic conflicts through the lens of mutual suspicion between them.