REPLIES: Reply to two of your classmates that live in different states. Compare and contrast your state’s obesity data to theirs (see attachment for my initial discussion) and discuss obesity preventi

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REPLIES:

Reply to

two

of your classmates that live in different states. Compare and contrast your state’s obesity data to theirs (see attachment for my initial discussion) and discuss obesity preventive guidelines in

ONE

reply, and healthy dietary recommendations in your

SECOND

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REPLIES: Reply to two of your classmates that live in different states. Compare and contrast your state’s obesity data to theirs (see attachment for my initial discussion) and discuss obesity preventi
Running Head: OBESITY-AN AMERICAN EPIDEMIC 0 Obesity-An American Epidemic Professor’s Name Student’s Name Course Title Date The following photo shows the state of obesity in the United States. This photo shows two types of foods that cause obesity. On the left are French fries which contain a lot of fats. On the right is a sandwich which has also been widely associated with obesity. This is because it contains a lot of hidden sugars and fats. These are common fast food in the United States. The obesity rate in Florida is higher than it was thought before. Earlier statistics showed that the obesity rate at the state was at 28%. However, emerging evidence based on clinical data repository shows that the obesity rate in the state is at 37.1% (Agovino, Crociata & Sacco, 2019). This suggests that most people in Florida are consuming foods that have high fat and sugar contents. The costs associated with obesity in Florida are very high. Evidence suggests that the medical cost for obesity in the state was about $342.2 billion. The indirect costs associated with the conditions are estimated to be 8.54 annually (Agovino, Crociata & Sacco, 2019). However, the obesity rate in Florida is lower (37.1%) as compared to the overall rate in the United States (42.4%). The prevalence among men and women is the same compared to the national statistics. 17.8% of young people in the state are obese as compared to 20.3% in the national statistics. This gives Florida a rating of 8/51 among all the districts and states in the country. Statistics show that data in Florida have stayed stable for the last two years as compared to other states in the country which have seen a significant surge in the number of people with obesity. The obesity rate among adults in Florida (30.6%) is lower as compared to the national average (30.9%) (Agovino, Crociata & Sacco, 2019). There are significant health disparities in Miami Beach, Florida. Obesity is more prevalent among women as compared to men. Studies show that 39% of women and 34.5% of men are obese in the state. However, studies suggest that the obesity rate of men (28%) is higher compared to that of women (26.8%) (Lemas et al., 2019). Among the ethnic and racial groups, the blacks have the highest obesity rate. A recent study indicated an overall obesity rate of 35.2% for non-Hispanic whites, 37.1% for Hispanics and 45.7% for blacks (Lemas et al., 2019). Obesity is more prevalent for people aged between 45-65 years as compared to younger people and people above 65 years (Filipp et al., 2018). In Miami Beach, adults who have not graduated from high school are more likely to become obese as compared to those who have graduated. Statistics also show that obesity is more prevalent among households with an annual income of less than $25 thousand as compared to households with an income of above $75 thousand. Evidence also suggests that the rate of obesity is more for children between 6 years and 14 years as compared to people between 14 and 24 years old (Filipp et al., 2018). People in Miami Beach need to adopt effective strategies to reduce these numbers and have better health outcomes. References Agovino, M., Crociata, A., & Sacco, P. L. (2019). Proximity effects in obesity rates in the US: A Spatial Markov Chains approach. Social Science & Medicine, 220, 301-311. Retrieve from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0277953618306476 Filipp, S. L., Cardel, M., Hall, J., Essner, R. Z., Lemas, D. J., Janicke, D. M., … & Nelson, D. R. (2018). Characterization of adult obesity in Florida using the One Florida clinical research consortium. Obesity science & practice, 4(4), 308-317. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/osp4.274 Lemas, D. J., Cardel, M. I., Filipp, S. L., Hall, J., Essner, R. Z., Smith, S. R., … & Hogan, W. R. (2019). Objectively measured pediatric obesity prevalence using the One Florida Clinical Research Consortium. Obesity research & clinical practice, 13(1), 12-15. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871403X18302692
REPLIES: Reply to two of your classmates that live in different states. Compare and contrast your state’s obesity data to theirs (see attachment for my initial discussion) and discuss obesity preventi
POST # 1: PRESTON I picked this picture because I feel it demonstrates the deeper issue with obesity which is that of addiction. The over consumerism of the United States includes advertising to our vulnerable population, including our children. A food like french-fries are addicting and deadly with mass consumption, just like cigarettes. Yet we do not put disclaimers or warnings on these unhealthy foods and allow our children to consume them.According to the State Obesity Data in Massachusetts about 14% of children ages 10-17 are obese (2019). This ranks Massachusetts 25/51 for this age range among the nation and 47/51 for adults (State of Obesity Data, 2019). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has data on adult obesity that revealed that Massachusetts has approximately 25-30% of its population suffering from obesity (2019). It was also noted that all states in the United States (the District of Columbia and US territories) had at least 20% of its population of adults with obesity (CDC, 2019).In my own community I do not witness a high rate of obesity. We live in an active area that is filled with outdoor activities as well as health conscious stores/food options. Most obese patients I see are of the elderly population or are young adults attending our local university but from other areas of the world, especially cities. This exemplifies common disparities in health for our elder and for those with either less access to activity or more access to poor food choices.  Our older population goes through normal degenerative changes occur creating a shift in fat mass. By 70 years of age most will have a 40% decrease in skeletal muscle (McKee, 2018). A combination of reduced energy/activity, and redistribution of fat mass create this population to be put at a higher risk for obesity. Another obstacle is that a lot of this population reside in nursing homes in our community. Our nursing homes being understaffed also gives a huge disadvantage to this population who would greatly benefit from more time with physical therapy and daily encouragement of activity. A study illustrated that in just one decade the rate of moderate to severe obesity in nursing homes increased by over 10% (McKee, 2018).  With regards to the younger population in our community suffering from obesity there are many disparities that could be the catalyst for this trend. For example, where I reside, the closest fast food chain is at least 40 minutes away from me. People who live in the city however are likely to pass at least three on their daily commute. Living in unsafe communities leads to less walking/riding bikes. Also being a student at our university is expensive and strenuous. It is often easier to order take-out than to prepare a fresh and healthier meal. Finances may also be a factor for this disparity. It has been researched and proven in various studies that processed foods that are typically high in calories are quicker and cheaper than that of fresh produce (Newman, 2009).References CDC. (2019, October 29). Adult Obesity Prevalence Maps. Retrieved May 30, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/prevalence-maps.htmlMcKee, A. (2018, October 12). Obesity in the Elderly. Retrieved May 30, 2020, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532533/Newman, A., (2009) “Obesity in Older Adults” OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. 14, No. 1, Manuscript 3.State Obesity Data. (2019). Retrieved May 30, 2020, from https://stateofchildhoodobesity.org/states/ma/
REPLIES: Reply to two of your classmates that live in different states. Compare and contrast your state’s obesity data to theirs (see attachment for my initial discussion) and discuss obesity preventi
POST # 2: LINDA An individual with obesity has a body mass index above thirty based on height and weight. The dangers of obesity encompass mechanical and hormonal problems. For example, changes in mood changes (such as depression) or chronic conditions (like hypertension) can occur (“Health risks,” 2020). Risk factors include minimal education, low income, increased age, and ethnicity. More specifically, individuals classified as non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, or non-Hispanic whites have a higher chance of obesity. A person’s location or home can also predispose the development of the condition (“Obesity,” 2020). In all, the purpose of this discussion is to examine obesity and the associated health disparities in New Hampshire and the United States.       The attached photo represents one cause of obesity in the United States. Due to advancements in technology, individuals are spending less time outdoors, and more time in front of a screen. Representing a combination of technology and unhealthy food, the above photo shows what can happen with a sedentary lifestyle. It is obvious the cartoon man in the photo is overweight (due to his large belly). Adults who utilize technology and work a sedentary job must make an effort to move. Exercising daily is essential for preventing cardiovascular diseases and improving quality of life. Working out thirty minutes a few times a week while living a sedentary lifestyle is not effective for preventing negative health consequences (Pender et al., 2015). Thus, the attached photo accurately depicts the relationship between obesity and the United States.      Both the United States and New Hampshire are similar and different regarding their obesity rates. Currently, 29.6% of New Hampshire’s population is obese. The highest rates of obesity occur in Mississippi and West Virginia at 39.5%, while the lowest are in Colorodo, Hawaii, and New Jersey. Only 22.9% of Colorado’s population is obese. Comparing obesity between New Hampshire and the United States as a whole demonstrates differences due to gender, ethnicity, age, and education. More females are obese in New Hampshire than in the United States (28.1% in New Hampshire compared to 31.3% in the United States). The statistic is reversed for males; the prevalence of obesity in the United States is less than New Hampshire. In relation to ethnicity, less minority groups are obese in New Hampshire compared to the United States (28.9% compared to 32%). Interestingly, the percent of obese people between the ages of 18 and 44 and over 65 are equivalent between New Hampshire and the United States. The largest disparity is due to education. In New Hampshire, 43% of individuals who do not graduate high school are obese compared to the national average of 36% (“Obesity,” 2020).       There are several health disparities that lead to obesity in New Hampshire related to education, mental distress, and drug use (“Obesity,” 2020). For example, schools that offer a reduced lunch program to more than 50% of the students have higher rates of obesity compared to schools that offer the program to less than 25% of students. This statistic is possibly due to low incomes or poverty, especially in Manchester where incomes are far less than in other parts of the state. Without proper finances, individuals struggle to receive nutrition education, leading to poor health. Also, low income families could exhibit mental distress related to life stressors, such as paying bills and providing food. More stress often leads to unhealthy behaviors. Lastly, the rise of drug use in New Hampshire may contribute to obesity (Wood et al., 2013). Unfortunately, New Hampshire has one of the highest rates of drug use in New England, ranking third in the United States. As a person becomes addicted, they will struggle with physical and emotional health. It is possible drug addicts prioritize being high more than eating healthy and obtaining exercise (“Greater Manchester Community,” 2016). In all, varies factors in New Hampshire can result in obesity.       Obesity around the world is a preventive disease that affects countless people. Due to factors such as the rise in technology, more individuals are spending less time moving and more time sitting. In New Hampshire alone, obesity rates are similar to those in the United States, with causes such as drug use, mental health, and education. An advanced nurse should understand disparities between multiple states so they can assist patients in obtaining resources to live the healthiest life possible.  References Greater Manchester community health needs assessment 2016. (2016). Catholic medical center. Retrieved June 1, 2020, from https://www.catholicmedicalcenter.org/CatholicMedicalCenter/media/CMCE-Media-Library/PDFs/Greater_Manchester_Community_Health_Needs_Assessment_June_1.pdf Health risks. (2020). Harvard school of public health. Retrieved June 1, 2020, from https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/obesityconsequences/health-effects/ Obesity. (2020). United health foundation. Retrieved June 1, 2020, from https://www.americashealthrankings.org/explore/annual/measure/Obesity/state/NH Pender, N., Murdaugh, C., & Parsons, M. (2015). Health promotion in nursing practice (7th ed.). Pearson Education Inc.  Uppal, G. (2019). [Man with sedentary lifestyle] [Photograph]. Medium. https://medium.com/@gagan.uppal9/does-technology-encourage-a-sedentary-lifestyle-59867aa1a209 Wood, M., Toumpas, N., Montero, J., & Bujno, L. (2013, October). New Hampshire state health improvement project 2013-2020. NH division of public health services. https://www.astho.org/Accreditation/New-Hampshire-State-Health-Improvement-Plan/

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